Thursday, February 15

Monthly Socio-Economic Analysis for April (2023) 

Rehmonnya Institute For Civic Engagement (RICE)


Political Situation 

Myanmar has faced a catastrophic collapse, with the military’s return to power on February 1, 2021, resulting in significant public suffering. The country’s democratic rights, which had flourished for a decade, abruptly disappeared. The economy, political, and social sectors, including education and health, have all deteriorated. Armed resistance forces have emerged throughout the country, leading to intensified armed clashes. Human rights violations and persecution have significantly increased daily. According to independent news sources, (21566  ) individuals have been arrested, (3444) have been killed, and over ( 60459 )houses have been burned down in arson attacks since the military coup. The conflict has been particularly intense in the Saging region, Mawae region, Chin state, Karreni state, Karen state, and some parts of Mon state. Refugees are suffering the effects of war and climate change and are in dire need of humanitarian aid.

 In addition, the military council has sidelined ASEAN’s (5) points consensus, opening the front to war in various parts of the country, and launching offensive attacks, airstrikes, and targeted attacks on civilians in areas where the revolutionary forces are stronger. Killing civilians for no reason, using them as human shields, violating human rights, and the war crime against humanity intentionally.  Among the crucial armed clashes, civilian is becoming victims.  Therefore, the current political scene is still headed toward a bloody scene and will be far from a peaceful country.

 The market economic system has been damaged, and the financial inflation problems, the high price problem of goods and services, and the unemployment rate are felt by the grassroots people due to the several consequences of the military coup. On the other hand, the social (education and health) sectors have still been deteriorating like other sectors for over two years. The education and healthcare sectors are still far from a system that is accessible to everyone.  Additionally, the rule of law has completely collapsed due to the impact of the coup. People’s safety and security conditions are getting worse and theft, rough rides, robberies, and murders cases are significantly higher than before.


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